Solar Pyramid project from MSC Power Corp in SingapourSOLAR PYRAMID
A MSC solar power plant is a continuous 24/7 pyramid-like structure with multi-systems for generation of electricity and desalination of seawater to obtain potable/drinking water wherein the electricity is generated by hot air moving through Wind Turbine, by Gas Turbine and from Solar panels and the desalination is carried out, using the heat from the Main Thermal Tank and the steam generated from the H2O2 gas boilers.
Illustration of the way a solar pyramid works
Conversion of solar energy to thermal or electrical energy through the use of systems such as photovoltaic arrays, passive absorbers of solar energy, solar furnaces, through concentrating collectors with sun trackers is well established.
However, other existing systems do not adopt a multi-system approach to maximize use of all the available solar energy. Some of the existing system also depend solely on the sun to provide the solar energy and therefore cannot operate at night.
There are many arid areas in the world where the sun is always available. Many of these countries are lavishly provided with solar radiation in their desert areas. Therefore, MSC solar power plant makes the full use of the thermal energy of the sun not only to generate power but to make potable water at the same time on a continuous basis. At the same time, MSC solar power plant uses a multi-system approach to maximize the harvesting of solar and heat energy from the sun.
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artist's of a solar pyramid
General Concept Of the MSC Solar Power Plant
Two key features of the MSC Solar Pyramid Power Plant are as follows:
Using of underground water reservoir as energy storage and for night energy supply and for night energy supply and also for the day heating of air. Building the underground water reservoir would minimise heat losses especially during the night.
Using of heating fins as a hot surface to heat up the air to a higher temperature than the ambient air during day and night operation.
The MSC Solar Power Plant proposed involves three steps:
Solar energy transmitted by the glass of the side panel of the pyramid is absorbed by a suitably coated surface and heat transfer medium with an efficiency of over 90 percent.
Air molecules in collision with the hot surface on the side of the pyramid and the heating fin, and in sealed containment absorb the heat energy with almost 100 percent efficiency setting up convection currents.
All that is needed is a mechanism for absorbing the kinetic energy of moving air in directional flow because of gravitation. All wind turbines are designed for this purpose, the turbine absorbs the energy of the moving air.
The principles outlined have been described for harnessing solar energy into Electricity using Convection Air Currents. Outside ambient air is drawn into the pyramid structure. This is warmed by solar energy and rises up the vertical main air shaft. The current of rising warm air drives wind turbines. The top of the pyramid is open to the air and at atmospheric pressure. The driver of the whole system is gravity – air in the pyramid is warmed by solar energy and rises because it is lighter. This will draw in colder, ambient air which is heavier into the pyramid.
Glass or transparent polymer material will allow over 90 percent transmittance of incident solar energy. The solar absorber also has over 90 percent efficiency and will produce a stream of warm air which rises. This exerts pressure on the turbine causing rotation which will introduce an exactly equal volume of ambient air at the air inlets into the pyramid. In this way solar energy is converted into convection air currents which drive the turbine.
The hot air rises because they are lighter than cold air. The individual air molecules are moving at high velocity and have a large amount of kinetic energy. Their collision against any surface creates pressure. The continuous upward flow of the hot air could rotate turbines producing electricity. Hot air rises because of gravity. The atmosphere is held around the earth by gravitation. Cold air is like water in its response and seeks the lowest level. Cold air is pulled towards the earth and will displace warm air or any lighter gas.
The MSC solar power pyramid operates at constant volume. This means that the volume of air leaving the turbine per unit time through top outlet will exactly equal the volume of air entering the pyramid. If there is a temperature rise of 10 percent at constant volume, there is a pressure rise of 10 percent. Then wind turbines will efficiently convert increased pressure into electricity.
Special Features Of the MSC Solar Power Plant
Main feature is Multi-Shaped 3-10 sides angled between 30-60 degrees, preferably the main choice of using a 4 sided pyramid for ease of construction with.
A special treated composite metal sheet cover for maximum absorption of heat; transfer heat into the interior of the pyramid and retaining heat in the pyramid.
A special treated glass on top of the metal sheet cover with angled or concave pockets to magnify sun rays onto the metal cover.
An underground storage tank designed to hold, retain and transfer heat transfer medium.
A Heat transfer system on the metal surfaces of the pyramid during the day and night via pipes.
Heat induction process - One process to cool the hot surfaces on top of pyramid by introducing an air stream through an air vent while driving a series of small turbines. Second process is to induce surrounding hot air into the Side Air Vents using a suction fan and into the pyramid. The cooling process on the HOT SPOT induces the heat from the bottom of the mtal sheet to travel upwards faster and transferring more heat during the induction process.
Hot plate design at the top end and tip of angled steel plant cover and water heating system built around the hot plate.
Hot plate design with multi faced edges to maximise heat transfer surface in contact with heat transfer mediums such as water, liquids or others.
Air flow processes: 2 Main Processes and 1 Sub-Process3
First Air Flow process inside the pyramid via the Side Air Shafts, induced by the Sub-process3.
Second Air Flow process is fresh air being inducted at side Pre Heater Tanks surrounding the pyramid, heated by the Main Heating Reservoir and flowing into the Main Air Shaft.
Sub-process 3 is fresh air being induced into the Pre-Heating Tanks and flowing in a shaft, into a side hot air chamber and out.
Novel Design of Main Air Shaft with the following:
A Novel idea of introducing spiral design Conical structure on top of Main Heating Reservoir to create air turbulence and into angled air outlets;
A Novel idea of special design turbine blades on top of conical dome and additional wind blades on top of the turbine blades to create air turbulence in Main Air Shaft;
A Novel idea of special designed Main Air Booster pump to induce air flow from the interior of the Main Air Shaft upwards while being driven by Hot Air flowing out from the interior of pyramid;
A Novel idea of inducing fresh air from Side Air shaft along side of pyramid and into the Main Air Vent by the Main Air Booster pump;
A Novel idea of special design Air Nozzles at top of Main Air Shaft, sides of Main Air Shaft and Main Air Vent;
Additional heating by:
A novel method of heat transfer in the Main Heating Chamber, Pre Heater Tanks and in the top Hot Air Chamber by specially designed Heating Fins;
A novel method to heat the interior of the pyramid during the night;
A novel idea to pre-heat the metal structure of the pyramid in early mornings before sun rise;
A novel idea to design special treated metallic/ ceramic heating chamber and the use of Brown gas process by electrolysis to introduce H2O2 as a heating fuel;
An option of using External Parabolic solar reflectors during the day to heat the HOT PLATE;
Power generation process by:
Main Air Shaft Turbines;
Main Booster Pump Turbines;
Main Air Vent Turbines;
Side Air shafts mini turbines;
Steam generators powered by Brown Gas generators;
Additional power storages by:
Using electrolytic cells;
Producing Brown Gas and stored in special designed chambers;
Method of producing potable water by desalination using preheat and heating processes by direct solar energy and heating process from the combustion of Brown Gas in special chambers and boilers.
Detail Description Of the MSC Solar Power Plant
The structure is a pyramid-like with 4 side frames, each side frame being angled from 30 degrees to 60 degrees as measured from the base, depending on location of the power plant and sun's maximum azimuth. The width of the base and height of the structure depends on the power generation output. The foundation of the structure consists of mild steel concrete plinths, beams and columns with steel encasing therein, forming a pyramid-like structure (hereinafter referred to as pyramid structure).
Each side frame of the pyramid structure consists of multi Layered Panels to accommodate at least four layers, starting from the uppermost layer to the lowermost layer:
Layer 1 (a "Heating Layer"),
Layer 2 (a "Heat Transfer Layer"),
Layer 3 (a "Heat absorption and transfer Layer"), and
Layer 4 (a "Heat retention Layer")
Layer 1 (a "Heating Layer") consists of a layer of glass panels or other transparent material such as transparent polycarbonate, integrated with solar cells or convex lenses to concentrate light beams.
The object for Heating Layer 1 is to absorb Sunlight through Solar cells to produce Electricity or through convex lenses acting as heat concentrator by magnification of heat source on the steel plate.
Layer 2 (a "Heat Transfer Layer") consists of a layer having a layout of 2 different sets of suitable metal pipes; one for sea/saline and the other treated or fresh water.
Heat Transfer Layer 2 has metal pipes of various diameters laid on surface of layer 3 spiraling from top of pyramid structure to bottom, laid out in a U configuration across Layer 3, the configuration starting from left to right or vice versa. Heat Transfer Layer 2 has 2 sets of pipes -one carrying a heat transfer medium and the other saline or seawater. The pipes end at the bottom of the pyramid structure and into one or more large underground storage tank. The heat from Heating Layer transferred and absorbed by the water in the metals pipes of Heat Transfer Layer 2.
Layer 3 (a "Heat Absorption and transfer layer") is a layer having black thermal conductive metal plates like mild steel or aluminum plates or a combination of both, with best heat absorption and transfer characteristic. The heat from Heat Transfer Layer 2 including heat transferred from Heating Layer 1 is absorbed and transferred to Heat Absorption and transfer layer 3 and which is then transferred and absorbed by
Heat Retention Layer 4. The heat from Layers l, 2, 3 and 4 warms the air inside the pyramid which has been sucked in from air vents at the bottom of the structure.
Heat Absorption and transfer Layer 3 uses black thermal conductive metal plates (of various thicknesses) such as mild steel plates and aluminum or a combination of both to absorb, retain and transfer heat. The lower portion of the pyramid will contain openings for air vent, storage tanks for collection of heat transfer medium flowing down from top of pyramid and other connections for power output as well as safety equipment.
Layer 4 (a “Heat retention Layer") is a layer having Insulation materials to absorb thermal heat transfer from outside and retention inside the pyramid;
Heat retention Layer 4 has the best insulation materials to absorb heat and transfer the heat into the pyramid.
A description of the Pyramid Structure is now given. The pyramid structure contains at least the following means:
Main Heating Tank;
Side Preheating tanks of various capacities to house Heat transfer Medium, water, seawater or other suitable liquids needed for heat transfer, retention or steam generation;
Heat fins, attached to the sides of the main heating tank and water tanks;
Air suction Means:
Vertical Main Air Shaft: having as a large base, with a spiral staircase housing, a coned shaped mid section and a smaller top with angled nozzles;
Side Air shaft along the mid section of each angled side;
Power Generation means:
Specially designed turbine fan on top of Main Air Shaft:
Wind turbines or blades of various sizes depending on capacity required located at intervals in the cone shaped mid section of the vertical main air shaft and the side air shafts;
Electrical alternators and generators of various design and rating required;
Water Boiling Means:
A Hot plate on top of the pyramid;
A boiler system build around the Hot Plate;
A boiler system operated by H2O2 gas placed in the roof top and at the Main heating tanks;
Electrical junction boxes, synchroniser,inverters and other power control equipment;
Regulator and pumps to control and distribute flow of fluid to various parts of the structure;
Monitoring system to co-ordinate and control all operational systems within the structure.
The angled side frames of the pyramid also have air intake vents near the base of the pyramid. The air intake vents lead to Side air shafts running along the mid-section of the angled side frames. The side air vents contain many mini turbines and alternators inside the shaft, at intervals, along its length.
The main air shaft has a wide circular base of a spiral duct design, a cone shaped mid section with at least four turbines stacked one on top of the other and a smaller top with angled nozzle clockwise.
The top of the Vertical Main Air Shaft has a flat horizontal plate (referred to as ''Hot Plate") on which a boiler and parabolic reflectors system is built on the Hot Plate.
A plurality of water tanks, consisting of a Main Heating Tank and side preheating tanks connected to a balancing tank through which seawater comes through a main seawater intake. The lower portion of the pyramid will contain openings for air vent, storage tanks for collection of heat transfer medium flowing down from top of pyramid and other connections for power output as well as control equipment.
The pyramid structure is designed so that two separate air heating processes (referred herein as" First Air Heating Process" and" Second Air Heating Process 0') would work inside and independently of each other.
The First Air Heating Process utilises the differential pressure between the hot air heated during the day inside the interior of the pyramid, which rises to the top of the Main Air Shaft and cold air is sucked into the pyramid, this differential pressure forming a wind draught to drive wind turbines, to generate electricity.
The Second Air Heating Process utilizes the Heat generated from the Main Heating Tank and the hot air rising through the Main Air Shaft.
Both process works independent from each other.
Besides the Two Air Heating Processes, additional heating comes about through Heating Layer 1 which is used by Solar Heat to excite solar panels, creating electricity or magnification of light rays to heat up the metal plates in Heat Absorption and transfer Layer 3.
Additional heat also comes through Heat Transfer Layer 2 when Heat transfer medium are pumped from the bottom of the Main Heating Tank and Pre-Heating tanks inside/outside the pyramid into a small tank on top of the pyramid. From the small tank on top of the pyramid, the liquid will flow down by gravity through the pipes in Heat Transfer Layer 2. However the liquid flow will be slowed down due to the U configuration layout of the pipes and which the liquid also getting, additionally the heat transferred from Heat Absorption and transfer Layer 3. A main regulator at the bottom of the pyramid controls the final flow and speed of the liquid.
Depending on the external ambient temperature and heat transfer from Heat Absorption and transfer Layer 3, the fluid is PRE-HEATED between 45 –80°C. The pre-heated liquid then flows into their respective underground storage tanks for further heating or treatment process.
The main object of Heat Absorption and transfer Layer 3 is to absorb and transfer as much heat as possible. This is illustrated and described as follows:
In each angled side frame, heat will absorbed and transfer through Layer 1 to Layer 2 to Layer 3 and Layer 4. The pyramid structure would get hotter and hotter gradually, the heat flowing upwards as heat rises upwards to the top end of the metal slope. As the sun gets hotter during the day, the heat transfer increases and flows up faster. As the area of the heated steel plating gets smaller at the top of the pyramid, the heat concentration and temperature gradually builds up.
The top end of the side frame will be designed as a sharp-ended profile referred to as a "Hot Spot". A boiler housing is built around the Hot Spot. The main activity of the Hot Spot is to heat up the liquid or water in the boiler located at the top of the pyramid structure.
External parabolic reflectors located at the perimeter sides of the pyramid will 'beam' concentrated sun rays on this plate to heat up this hotplate. The expected temperature of this beam is calculated to be more than 100°C. This will enable the water temperature in the boiler to rise beyond 100°C and boils.
Water above 100°C will boils and creates steam. This steam will be used for 2 processes. In the Desalination process, the medium or liquid to be used shall be seawater but for power generation, the medium shall be fresh water or other suitable liquid.
If fresh water is the main product then no further process is required except to collect the steam via a series of condensers. Filtered, treated and stored for sale.
For ADDITIONAL power generation, the steam can be used to drive a steam turbine located at the bottom of the pyramid. It is envisaged that the steam produced may not be strong enough to drive a sizeable steam turbine and additional processes will be added to supercharge the steam. Typical equipment will be a gas-fired burner.
The air flow in the pyramid structure giving rise to the First Air Heating Process is described as follow:
Layer 3 of the angled side frames of the pyramid are steel and/or aluminum plates. On a hot sunny day, the sun will heat up the steel plates. Heat will be transmitted through radiation or convection into the interior of the pyramid.
The pyramid is designed to absorbed as much neat as possible inside it and as the ambient temperature build up inside, the air is heated up inside. From trials conducted, the temperature could rise to as high as 70°C or even higher.
Hot air rises and flows up to the top of the tip of the pyramid. A Main Air Vent will then regulate the air flowing out into the open sky. This hot air regulation is controlled via the monitoring system.
At the lower end of the 4 side frames of the pyramid, 4 or more units of Side Air Shafts are linked to the top side of the Vertical Main Air Shaft. The Side Air shafts have micro processor based controlled louvers to regulate the intake of the air into the top of the Vertical Main Air Shaft.
The Vertical Main Air Shaft and the Side Air Shafts are built as enclosed air tunnel shafts constructed by steel or concrete. A number of wind powered turbine blades are fitted at intervals along these air tunnels.
In the Vertical Main Air Shaft at the top of the pyramid, the wind powered turbine blades is several times larger than the Side Intake Air Shafts. At the end of each wind powered turbine blade are a number of armatures or dynamos that
will produce electricity upon each turn of the turbine blades.
The outside air is cooler than those inside the pyramid and thus creates a differential in air pressure inside the structure as hot air is released from inside the pyramid. This draught can be monitored and controlled by the Monitoring System, through adjustment of louvers at the top of the pyramid as well as at the base of the side air shafts.
In each of the Side Air Shaft, there are 2 wind tunnels. The RED AIR indicated in the drawing show fresh air intake from top of the pyramid. As the top of the pyramid structure is also the hottest, the air is being heated up as they are drawn into the air tunnel. The main object is to heat up the air as it passes down the air tunnel while being suck down by the air impellers.
The hot air from the top of the pyramid on reaching the bottom of the Air tunnel of each side air shaft is further heated by the heat from Main Heating Tank, increasing the temperature of the air. As hot air is lighter, it will automatically rise up towards the interior of the pyramid, thus ensuring a continuous flow of HOT AIR needed to create an air pressure
The BLUE AIR shows the fresh air being drawn in at the bottom of the Air Tunnel flowing up (UP FLOW) towards the Main Air Vent. Again the exit of the cold air at the top side of the Main Air Shaft is designed at an angle. This will spin the Main Air Booster fan at the top end of the VerticaL Main Air Shaft. The Booster Fen in turn drives another generator for production of electricity.
The Main object of controlling the release of the hot air is two fold. The first reason is to ensure that there is sufficient warm air being retained in the pyramid and with enough heated air capacity to last a working day; the second reason is there is no need to release the entire hot air but to regulate the turbine and motor speed. A standard motor will require between 500-1500 rpm to generate electricity depending on manufacturer's specification.
The air flow in the pyramid structure giving rise to the Second Air Heating Process using Air flow from Main Water Reservoir is described as follow:
Air is drawn into the bottom of the Main Heating Tank via the Pre Heat Tanks located outside the pyramid.
The Pre Heating tanks are installed with Heat fins to warm up the Air as it flows into the Main Heating Tank.
The Main Heating Tank is also fitted with Heat fins for the same purpose of heating the air as it passes through the corridor.
Steel like wall plates are placed strategically to ensure the flow of the hot air moving from the pre heating tanks along the corridor in a semi circular motion and creating a hurricane like motion moving upwards into the coned structure.
At the bottom of the Vertical Main Air Shaft, the hot air from top sides of the Main Heating Tank is forced to converge into a cone shaped exit formed at the base of the Vertical Main Air Shaft. The conical structure is designed as an inverted spiral staircase to create air turbulence as the hot air enters into the Main Air Shaft.
Inside the Vertical Main Air Shaft, there are no less than 4 wind mills of which the first fan is designed as a Turbine blade type.
The design of the inverted spiral staircase at the bottom of the Vertical Main Air Shaft is to ensure the hot air enters at an angle of 30-45 degree side ways or perpendicular to the Turbine blades
The side sir jets will spin the Turbine blades of the 1st Turbine blade. On the top of the blade fan, a specially designed contraption will create air turbulence as the Turbine blades moves.
This will create wind reaction for moving fans 2, 3, 4 or other additional wind blades.
All the wind turbines or fans or mills are connected to a power-generating unit.
The Main Booster Pump located on top of the Vertical Main Air Shaft is designed to suck up air from the Vertical Main Air Shaft thus ensuring a continuous airflow in the Vertical Main Air Shaft for the Second Air Heating Process.
Hot Air exiting from the Main Air Shaft is forced into a small aperture thus creating an Air Stream Jet. This will drive the Roof wind turbines located at the top of the pyramid.
Function of the Generator during night
The pyramid will ensure continuous generation of electricity even if there is insufficient sunlight during the day or when the sun sets down and the night quickly turns very cool or even cold. This would be through the following method:-
Beneath the pyramid, the Main Heating tank and Preheating tanks form a huge liquid heat reservoir for heat absorption and retention. The capacity of this liquid heat reservoir is based upon the power to be generated. According to computations, the reservoir would be conservatively sized at equal to or more than the volume of the pyramid.
In Layer 3 of the angled side frame of the pyramid liquid pipes of Heating Layer 2 are placed on top of the steel or aluminum plates of Layer 3. Heat transfer medium or liquid is pumped from this liquid heat reservoir slowly up to the top of the pyramid and the liquid then flows back into this huge reservoir through the liquid pipes in Layer 2. During the day, the liquid flow in the pipes down and absorb the heat into the Main Heating Tank reservoir and the process continues throughout the day.
The temperature of the liquid heat reservoir is maintained and controlled at a certain temperature at all times during the day.
Additional equipments may be required to heat the water if there is insufficient sunlight. A typical example is a gas fired burner operated by H202 which is produced by the electrolysis of water by electricity. Power is generated freely by the wind turbines located in the side Air shafts.
In addition, the by-product and waste steam from the boiler or water maker up on the top of the pyramid will be diverted and released into the liquid reservoir to maximize heat transfer of the heat released from the desalination process or from the steam generator.
In the evening when the outside temperature starts to cools down, it is expected that the internal temperature of the pyramid will also starts dropping. As long as the internal temperature of the pyramid is higher than the outside temperature, an artificial wind draught can be maintained thereby ensuring the differential pressure to form a wind draught to drive wind turbines, to generate electricity.
The Monitoring System will calculate and adjust the differential temperatures within the pyramid and the external temperature.
Heat exchangers or fins are constructed and located inside the pyramid. This will maintain the 'heat' inside the pyramid and in comparison to the external temperature; a differential temperature is being created. This is similar to First Air Heating Process in the day for heating the air in the pyramid structure.
In addition, the cold air during the night will be heated up in the Pre Heat tank as it passes through the air Intake shaft with a series of heater fins placed at the top of the Main Heating Tank.
The high and low pressures will result in an artificial wind draught being created and the wind will flow into the air tunnels to drive the wind turbines and produce the electricity.
For the process similar to Second Air Heating Process in the day, the external air which is expected to be very cool or cold is drawn into a pre-heat tank, warm up and flow into the air passage along the Main Heating Tank.
The Main Heating Tank is fitted with heat exchangers in the form of heat fins on top of the Main Heating Tank to transfer heat from the Main Heating Tank to the external air.
The heated external air then flows along into the cone shaped entrance leading to the base of the Vertical Main Air Shaft. The cone shaped entrance is designed as an inverted spiral duct to create air turbulence such that the hot air enters into the Main Air Shaft and drives the wind turbines, blades or mills in the Main Air shaft;
The side air jets will spin the Turbine blades of the 1st turbine blade. On the top of the blade fan, a specially designed contraption will create air turbulence as the Turbine blades moves.
This will create wind reaction for moving fans 2, 3, 4 or other additional wind blade.
All the wind turbines or fans or mills are connected to a power generating unit.
Hot Air exiting from the Main Air Shaft is forced into a small aperture thus creating a Air Stream Jet. This will drive the Roof turbines located at the top of the pyramid.
Pre-Heating for morning use
Between the transition period from the early dawn i.e. in the wee hours of the day and when the sun begins to rise, warm liquid from the reservoir is pumped upwards to the top of the pyramid to start heating up the steel and/or aluminum Layer 3. This process will shorten the time for the sun to heat up the pyramid and improve efficiency of the multi-systems of the pyramid.
Additional function of the MSC Solar Plant
In the event of additional power being not utilized by the grid, the Monitoring System Controls will divert the excess energy into 2 additional processes.
The excess energy will be stored into load banks, licensed from a fellow inventor, to store the power and be released into the grid later if the need arises.
The excess energy will also be used to ‘crack’ the portable water into Hydrogen and Oxygen molecules using a patented electrolysis process, also available from a fellow inventor. However, vast improvements have been made to this invention by our company to improve its efficiency. The gas generated from this electrolysis process shall be stored in special tanks and be used as a fuel medium for firing the burners in the boilers for the desalination process or for additional heating of the water reservoir.
Advantageous Effects Of the MSC Solar Power Plant
The MSC Solar Power Plant makes use of the thermal energy of the sun not only to generate power but also to make potable water at the same time. The invention also takes full advantage of the thermal and light energy from the sun by using multi-systems to harness the power of the sun. As it uses multi-systems and makes full use of the thermal and light energy from the sun, the invention can be of a sufficient large scale for commercial production of power on a continuous basis, 24 hours a day and 7 times a week. At the same time, the invention produces potable water by processing seawater again, on a continuous basis.
The MSC Solar Power Plant is particularly reliable and not liable to break down, in comparison with other solar generating plants. Turbines, transmission and generator which subject to a steady flow of air, are the plant's only moving parts. This simple and robust structure guarantees operation that needs little maintenance and of course no combustible fuel.
The novelty of the invention is that upon the Main Heating Tank being energized as a hot water bath, the invention will be operational on an automated mode perpetually as the heat from the heating fins inside the pyramid will warm up the interior of the pyramid effortlessly thus creating an artificial airflow continuously inside the pyramid. This in turn drives the Main Air Booster Pump on top the Vertical Main Air Shaft and creating a vacuum in the Vertical Main Air Shaft and ensuring the heated air in the corridor to flow upwards into the Vertical Main Air Shaft and the process continue without climatic or human intervention. Also, this invention only needs some 50 gallons of distilled water daily in the production of H2O2 for the H2O2 boiler systems.
The invention can be located anywhere where there is sufficient sunlight and a small pool of water. However, this invention can be designed to be constructed on roof tops of buildings and in remote area without the need of additional fossil or polluting fuels. Again, this invention allows small and compact power or water units to be constructed anywhere around the world even if there is no or little sunlight but we need to energize the Main Heating Tank by additional heating methods before the system is operational. Also this invention will remove the need for a National Transmission grid for power and water as each power or water unit can be decentralized and constructed as the need arises from each village, township or city resulting in huge savings of Billions of dollars annually in each country using the Multi System Concepts for electricity generation and water desalination.
Finally this power plant allows large-scale commercial production of electricity and potable water using solar and thermal energy on a continuous 24/7 basis without any harmful by products associated with other types of power generation.